Put simply, literacy means reading and writing. But we all have different experiences of literacy – and when we talk about reading and writing, we can mean different things. We could be thinking about reading a story, writing a shopping list, filling in a tax form, reading a textbook, writing an SMS or email, checking the train timetable, following a recipe or flipping through the Sunday papers … the list goes on and on. And just as people have many purposes for reading and writing in their daily lives, there are also many languages in which they read and write. Literacy is about language too, but when many people think of literacy, they tend to think only of English. This doesn’t have to be the case. Reading and writing can happen in any language. And the more a language is used – be it in oral form or in writing – the more powerful it grows as its vocabulary and functions expand.